Causes of Gum Recession

Gum Recession is a common health problem that you don’t want to wait to address.

What are the causes of gum recession?

Gum Recession correction…

  • Poor brushing technique – Most gum recession problems are caused by excessive build-up of plaque, which is why it is essential to maintain a good brushing technique. Plaque contains bacterial toxins that can damage the tooth enamel and cause inflammation in the gums. It can also lead to bone loss in the jawbone and serious gum disease.
  • Periodontal disease – Periodontal disease (also called gum disease) is the infection of the structures around the teeth, which include the gums, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone (jaw bone). It can cause excessive gum recession which leads to bone loss. The disease can be caused by lack of oral hygiene or health problems like diabetes. Periodontal disease goes beyond the surface layer of the teeth and gums and affects the underlying bone structure, causing bone loss. This can eventually lead to tooth loss as the teeth don’t have enough support from the gums and the jawbone to stay in properly in place.
  • Bone loss – Gum recession and bone loss in the jaw are connected. Excessive recession can create pockets between teeth and gum. That allows bacteria and infections to reach the bone and damage it. Bone loss can have an impact on the oral health, body health, and your physical appearance. It can also cause gum recession because gums won’t have the support structure needed to stay in place.

It Can Happen to Young or Old

Gum recession is a very common dental problem that often occurs in individuals that are 40 years or older. However, gum recession can start in the teenage years. No matter what your age, it’s important maintain proper oral hygiene and keep an eye on gum health throughout your life. It can easily go unnoticed because patients usually don’t experience any pain or related symptoms in the early stages of the problem.

In a 1999 study, researchers at the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) found that half of Americans over 30 had bleeding gums.

What are the early signs & symptoms of gum recession?

Gum recession doesn’t have many symptoms, especially in the early stages of the disease, but there are some signs that indicate its onset. Here are some of the symptoms you need to keep an eye out for:

  • Sensitive teeth – This is one of the biggest indicators of gum recession. When the gum tissue recedes, it exposes the cementum layer that protects the roots of the teeth. This layer is very sensitive to heat, cold, and other such external stimuli so your teeth will feel sensitive.
  • Long teeth – As gum recession exposes more teeth, they look longer and your smile looks different. If you notice this change, visit the dentist and have them assess the state of your gums.
  • Inflammation, halitosis, and bleeding – These are the common symptoms of bacterial infection and the onset of gum diseases like gingivitis and periodontal disease. These can cause severe gum recession and even tooth loss if they’re not treated property.

If you want to know more about gum recession and treatment options, don’t hesitate to contact us at Clagett Periodontics in Elizabethtown, KY and book a consultation today.